ELWR for Multilingual Students


The Entry Level Writing Requirement (ELWR) is a requirement that all University of California undergraduate students must satisfy. Multilingual students have a variety of ways to satisfy this requirement, depending on their level of English language proficiency and their location. After completing the English Language Testing Questionnaire, multilingual incoming first year students will be instructed to take the ELPE, the AWPE, or to submit scores that satisfy the ELWR.

A student's ELPE score places them into a UWP multilingual writing course. Starting in their first quarter, students are given a limited amount of time to complete their course sequence, ending with WLD 57s/WR 39a. Courses must be taken in order (one per quarter) until completion to satisfy the Entry Level Writing Requirement. 

For example, if a student earns an 82 on the ELPE, they should register for UWP 23 for their first quarter, and then WLD 57s/WR 39a for their second quarter (assuming they passed UWP 23). Once the student completes WLD 57s/WR 39a with a "C" or higher, they will have satisfied the Entry Level Writing Requirement, a prerequisite to all UC Davis writing courses. 

See the flowchart below for first quarter course placement, sequence, and time limits:

ELWR Flowchart

English Language Testing Glossary:

  • Entry Level Writing Requirement (ELWR)
  • The Entry Level Writing Requirement, also known as the ELWR, is a requirement for all University of California undergraduate students, both international and domestic. Satisfaction of the ELWR demonstrates college-level proficiency in English composition and is a prerequisite to all other undergraduate writing courses. There are a variety of ways for multilingual students to satisfy this requirement. Students have limited amount of time to satisfy the ELWR after beginning their studies at UC Davis, or they could face disenrollment from the university. 
  • English Language Placement Exam (ELPE)
  • The English Language Placement Exam, also known as the ELPE, is a required online writing placement exam for all incoming international undergraduate students whose first language is not English and who have not met the University of California’s Entry Level Writing Requirement (ELWR).  It is also required of multi-lingual domestic students who took and did not pass the Analytical Writing Placement Exam (AWPE) and whose writing showed typical patterns consistent with speaking a second language. A student's ELPE score corresponds to the first UWP multilingual course they should enroll in.
  • Analytical Writing Placement Exam (AWPE)
  • The Analytical Writing Placement Exam, also known as the AWPE, is a statewide writing exam which, if passed, fulfills the University of California Entry-Level Writing Requirement.  It is offered once a year to California high school seniors who intend to enter one of the University of California campuses.  It is also offered three times a year on the UC Davis campus just before the beginning of fall, winter and spring quarters.  It must be taken in person and there is a fee of $110.  The AWPE may be taken only once. Students who have been informed that they need to take the ELPE in their English Language Testing Questionnaire will not be permitted to take the AWPE. 
  • English Language Testing Questionnaire
  • The English Language Testing Questionnaire is taken by incoming multilingual first year students to help them find the best way to satisfy the Entry Level Writing Requirement in a timely manner and to register for the correct courses in Fall. Individualized instructions are given based on students' responses. Students will sign up for the ELPE using this questionnaire.
  • UWP 21/22/23 and WLD57s 
  • The University Writing Program offers multilingual coursework, including UWP 21, UWP 22, UWP 23 and WLD 57s, for those students who are required to take the ELPE. A student's ELPE score indicates the UWP multilingual course the student should enroll in. Depending on which course the student takes first, they will be required to complete a series of courses, ending with WLD 57s or WR 39A, in order to satisfy the ELWR. Students will have a limited amount of time to finish their multilingual coursework, depending on which course they took first. See the above flowchart for more details.
  • WR 39A
  • Writing 39A, also known as WR 39A, is an online course offered by the University of California Irvine that University of California Davis students can take to satisfy the ELWR. In addition to students who have taken and not passed the AWPE, this course is open to those multilingual students who have taken and passed their multilingual UWP course sequence (see flowchart above). WR 39A can be taken in place of WLD 57s to satisfy the ELWR. Students must take the course for a letter grade (not "pass/no pass") and students must receive a grade of "C" or higher to satisfy the ELWR.